One of the only two ways to observe the third shape, rarely encountered, is when the nucleus wobbles like a lopsided top. Nuclei can be round, like a soccer ball, or oblong, like a football. Gammasphere is the world's most powerful gamma ray spectrometer, and collects gamma ray data following the fusion of heavy ions. Notre Dame physics graduate student, Nirupama Sensharma, who was the first author on the paper, spent about a year analyzing the data. Sensharma worked with Umesh Garg, professor in the Department of Physics, to develop an experiment using an isotope of gold to find out if the nucleus wobbled as predicted in a theoretical model developed by Stefan Frauendorf, also a professor in the Department of Physics. View all the latest top news in the environmental sciences, or browse the topics below:. In Frauendorf suggested an experiment on a gold nucleus after predicting the wobbling should exist.
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